There are many kinds of skin conditions. Some are temporary; others are permanent. It may be a chronic condition that has flare-ups at any time and periods of remission. They widely vary in severity and symptoms, whether they are painful or not and whether they’re caused by a particular situation or are genetic.
Here are the most common types of skin conditions, in alphabetical order:
Acne can occur when a pore becomes clogged with oil and dead skin cells, it can become inflamed and you may get a breakout of acne. If the pore stays open and turns dark, it’s called a blackhead. If the pore is completely blocked, it’s called a whitehead. Acne is triggered by hormones and bacteria, and it typically turns up on the face, back and chest. The pimples might also become filled with pus.
Age or Liver Spots are not caused by age nor by any condition of the liver. They’re typically caused by exposure to the sun, although they do become more common with age. They generally appear on the face, arms and hands. A dermatologist can rule out melanoma (skin cancer), as the appearance can be similar.
Athlete’s Foot is a fungal skin infection that causes feet to itch, turn red, and peel. It can also develop into sores and blisters. Athlete’s foot is contagious, passed on by direct contact.
Contact Dermatitis is a common occupational skin condition, frequently caused by contact with irritating materials such as chemicals. The skin will become itchy and inflamed. Most cases aren’t severe, but they can be very itchy and irritating.
Eczema is a non-contagious condition that causes red, dry, inflamed, and itchy skin. The initial cause is unknown, but it can be triggered by irritants, stress, climate and allergens. Eczema often turns up on hands, elbows, and folds in the skin.
Fever Blisters (Cold Sores), also known as the herpes simplex virus, can cause small, fluid-filled blisters on nose or mouth which are painful. They last approximately 10 days and can be contagious. There are various triggers, such as stress, prolonged sun exposure, fever, and hormonal changes.
Hives, also known as urticaria, appear as welts and can burn, sting, or itch. They can appear anywhere and may last minutes or days. Hives are caused by extreme temperature, allergies and infections (such as strep throat).
Moles are typically black or brown, can develop anywhere, and might change over the years. They may be flat or raised, change color, or grow hair. They should be regularly monitored.
Psoriasis causes itchy, scaly and dry skin patches, and is a chronic condition. It occurs when the immune system triggers new skin cells that grow too quickly. It typically appears on knees, elbows, lower back, and scalp. The actual cause is unknown. There can be flare-ups and remissions over the course of a lifetime.
Rash from Plants may be caused by poison ivy, sumac or oak. It starts with swelling and redness, which then becomes itchy. Blisters can appear between 12 to 72 hours after contact, and typically lasts up to two weeks.
Razor Bumps are caused by shaving. These bumps are caused when the edge of a closely cut hair curls back and grows back into the skin. There may be irritation, pimples, or scars.
Rosacea begins with a tendency towards flushing easily, with redness on different parts of the face and visible blood vessels. It may include small, pus-filled, red bumps on the face and thickened skin. This is also a chronic condition.
Shingles (Herpes Zoster) is a rash that becomes painful blisters which can also itch, tingle, or otherwise become quite sensitive. A shingles outbreak lasts about two weeks but itching, pain, and numbness can last for months or years.
Vitiligo results in irregular patches of skin which vary in skin tone, which can be quite large. It is another chronic skin condition.
Warts are most frequently found on the fingers or the hands. They are caused by a virus and can be spread from person to person. They’re usually painless and harmless.